1 Thessalonians Bible Study – Week 8

Paul’s Final Exhortations (5:12-28)


Welcome to Week 8 of your 1 Thessalonians Bible Study.

This week we’ll be covering 1 Thess 5:12-28. This is the last section of the letter. It includes a series of final exhortations to the Thessalonian church.

Final Exhortations (5:12-28)

It is common in New Testament epistles to include a series of final exhortations when closing out a letter.

Typically, these final instructions include calls to moral excellence, spiritual vigilance and prayerfulness, faithfulness in the Christian faith and love for those within the church.

Read 1 Thess 5:12-22

Questions to reflect on the passage

  • How many commands does Paul give in this final section?
  • Make a list of all of the commands that Paul gives to the Thessalonian church in this final section. Can they be organized in some fashion?
  • What is Paul’s request with respect to those who «labor among you»?
  • 1 Thess 5:19-22 is all related to Paul’s instructions regarding «the Spirit.» What is Paul trying to warn against in this section?

Questions to reflect on your life

  • Of all the commands that Paul gives in this final section, which one do you need to practice most at this point? Explain.
  • Paul instructs the Thessalonians to «rejoice» «pray» and «give thanks» (1 Thess 5:16-18). How are you doing in these three categories? If you are weak in these areas, how can you strengthen these characteristics in your walk with the Lord?
  • 1 Thess 5:14 gives a series of instructions having to do with you and other people. Share a story where you’ve «admonished the unruly» «helped the weak» or «encouraged the fainthearted.» Can you think of a situation in your life where you need to put one of these exhortations into practice? Explain
  • How is it possible to «quench the Spirit?» Note how in the next verse it states, «do not despise prophetic utterances.»
  • Do you believe that the Spirit speaks to the church through prophetic utterances in today’s world? Explain. Also share an experience you may have had with this directly.
  • How else does the Spirit speak to the Church? How else has he spoken to you directly?